Nazi Doctors &
Other Perpetrators of Nazi Crimes
Dr. Heinrich Berning
An associate professor at HamburgUniversity, Berning lead the "famine experiments" on Soviet
prisoners. While the prisoners starved to death, he observed their
bodily functions degrade; this included loss of libido, dizziness,
headaches, edema and swelling of the lower abdomen (Annas &
Grodin, 1992). Berning then published his results after the war.
Dr. Philip Bouhler
Bouhler was the head of the early euthanasia program
(otherwise known as the T4 program) along with Himmler.
Dr. Viktor Brack
Brack formulated ideas for experiments with Himmler. Brack was
very interested in assembly line sterilizations and castration. He
wanted to be in charge of the x-ray experiments at Auschwitz, but
Himmler choose Schumann to be in charge over Brack.
Dr. Karl Brandt
Brandt was a personal physician to Hitler and one of the main
defendants in the "Trial of Twenty-Three".
Dr. Carl Clauberg
Clauberg conducted sterilization and castration experiments
along with Horst Schumann at Auschwitz. He tried to look for
cheap and fast ways of sterilization and found that x-rays worked
quite well. Clauberg tried to artificially inseminate women with
numerous things. He injected caustic substances into women's'
cervixes to disturb the fallopian tubes (Lifton, 1986). One of the
substances he would inject into the women with formalin, novocain,
progynon and prolusion to terminate their pregnancies. Block ten
at Auschwitz was know as Clauberg's block.
Dr. Leonardo Conti
Conti was chief physician of the Third Reich. He was
responsible for the killing of a large number of Germans of
"unsound mind" (Snyder,1976).
At Auschwitz, Dering removed ovaries after Schumann's x-ray
applications by cutting horizontal lines above the pubic area
(instead of cutting by the abdominal opening), which put the
patient more at risk for infection (Lifton, 1986).
After the operation, he sent the ovaries to the labs to ascertain
how effective the x-rays were in destroying the tissue.
Dr. Auther Dietzsch
A doctor at Buchenwald, Dietzsch suggested that Dr. Ding
(Schuler) inject typhus patients with fresh blood; this killed
Dr. Ding (Schuler)
He tried to immunize patients that had typhus by giving them
fresh blood at Buchenwald; this resulted in their deaths. He also
gave patients typhus in order to perform other ineffective
"curative" experiments on them.
Dr. Arnold Dohmen
Dohmen worked with Kurt Gutzeit at Auschwitz and began
experimenting primarily with animals. He was convinced by Gutzeit
to do human experiments and infected eleven Jewish children with
hepatitis and punctured their livers ( Annas & Grodin, 1992).
This heinous act had no scientific benefit whatsoever.
Eisele was a doctor at Buchenwald who conducted vivisections.
He also injected many patients with apomorphine to observe them
vomiting. He performed many unnecessary operations and amputations
and then murdered his patients (Hackett, 1995). Dr. Eisele was
said to have killed at least 300 people.
Ellenback was employed by the Department for Blood
Preservation at the Berlin SS Hospital at Buchenwald. He studied
the oxygen levels of blood samples that were taken from patients
doing certain activities and exercise.
Dr. Berthhold Epstien
Epstien was a prisoner pediatrician who helped Mengele with
his work on the treatment of Noma (gangrene to the face and
mouth). Noma is most often fatal but Epstien used the results of
the experiments to help some children and adolescents recover.
Dr. Koersten Felix
Felix was a doctor who treated national socialist leaders
Finke was a professor at the
and worked closely with Dr. Sigmund Rascher in the Hypothermia
experiments at Dachau. He wrote a lengthy research report (along
with Dr. Holzloehner) named "Freezing Experiments with Human
Beings." Some of the findings were said to be false or made
up, but he delivered his findings from the experiments to other
physicians at a Nuremberg
medical conference (Fischer,1995).
Dr. Karl Gebhart
Gebhart inflicted wounds upon his women patients at
Ravensbruck and then injected sulfanilamide into the wounds. This
experiment was fatal to all of the women.
Dr. Erwin Gohrbandt
Gohrbandt was a high-ranking top surgeon in Germany. As the Director of Surgery at the University Clinic of Berlin,
he was the chief medical advisor for aeronautical medicine
at the Luftwaffe's Sanitary Services Division (Annas & Grodin,
1992). He participated in the Dachau Hypothermia Experiments and
then published a report on them in a leading surgical journal.
Golbel was Dr. Clauberg's assistant and he helped Clauberg
improve the X-ray tracing material. He was allowed to perform many
injections, even though he was not a doctor.
Grese was a concentration camp guard at Auschwitz. She was
also known as the "Blond Angel of Death." At Auschwitz,
Grese was placed in charge of 18,000 female prisoners where she
"beat prisoners without mercy and both watched and helped
medical experiments" (Snyder,1975). Irma Grese was especially
fond of the operations that dealt with the removal of women's
breasts (Snyder, 1975). She had affairs with quite a few doctors
at Auschwitz including Mengele, and was condemned to death after
Dr. Kurt Gutzeit
Gutzeit was a gastroenterologist and professor of medicine at
Breslau. Gutzeit was one of the doctors who headed the hepatitis
experiments performed on Jewish children at
. When his assistant, Dr. Arnold Dohmen, tried to avoid the
horrors of human experimentation by doing animal experiments,
Gutzeit threatened that his too humane assistant needed to be
woken up from his "animal-experiment lethargy" (Annas
& Grodin, 1992).
Dr. Julius Hallervorden
Hallervorden was a neuropathologist at the Kaiser Wilhelm
Institute for Brain Research. He ordered hundreds of brains from
the victims of the euthanasia project to be sent to him from the
killing hospital, Brandenburg-Gorden (Annas &
Dr. Siegfried Handloser
Handloser was a lieutenant General and the chief doctor at
Buchenwald. He oversaw all medical "treatments"
Dr. August Hirt
Hirt was a professor at the University
Strasbourg. He collected human heads of "Jewish-Bolshevik
commissioners" to do "important" anthropological
and anatomical studies (Fischner, 1995). Hirt was also a
practicing surgeon assigned by Himmler to find an antidote for
mustard gas. He prepared cyanide salts to kill Auschwitz prisoners
and was an assistant on the
project. He experimented on people and dogs as well as on himself.
Holzloehner worked with Dr. Finke and with Dr. Rascher on the
Dachau hypothermia experiments. Holzloehner was a professor at the
and wrote (along with Finke) a research report called
"Freezing Experiments with Human Beings". He then
delivered his findings to other doctors at a Nuremberg
Dr. Waldemar Hoven
Hoven was a physician at
who gave his patients lethal injections to kill them.
Frau Ilse Koch
Kock was also known as the "Bitch of Buchenwald."
She was the wife of a camp commander and her hobby was to collect
the skins of inmates, both dead and alive, if they had a tattoo
she liked. Koch turned the skin into book covers, gloves,
lampshades, and other sorts of furniture (Fischer, 1995).
Dr. Hans Wilhelm Koning
Koning arranged for male schizoid inmates and healthy female
inmates to have electroshock therapy, then gassed them afterwards.
Lolling was a SS Colonel who collected human skin from all of
the concentration camps for his own personal study.
Maudas injected or administered liquid doses of the juice of
the plant caladium seguinium into his patients. He
performed X-ray sterilization at Auschwitz.
Dr. Joseph Mengele
Mengele was the most visible camp doctor at Auschwitz
and was known as the "Angel of Death". He developed a
theory that humans, like dogs, had pedigrees (Snyder, 1976). He
performed vivisections, injected chemicals into living peoples'
eyes to try to change them, and perpetrated many horrific twin
studies. He fled after the war and was never captured while still
here on earth. Also
see: Mengele's assistant speaks out.
Dr. Theodor Morell
Morell was Hitler's personal physician and injection
Dr. Joachim Mrugowsky
Mrugowsky was the chief doctor at the Hygienic Institute of
Waffen SS in
Berlin. Mrugowsky was a key figure in the planning and carrying out of
destructive medical experiments in many concentration camps (Lifton,
1986). Some of the experiments he performed include
the flawed and fatal efforts to try to find a typhus vaccine.